Works by Félix Varela II

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ISBN paperback: 9788490079591

The historical context in which Félix Varela developed his ideo-political program was that of the plantationist regime of the slave bourgeoisie, the liberal movements in Spain (1812-1814 and 1820-1823), the destruction of the Spanish empire by the independence struggles in America and the conversion of Cuba in the pearl of the CrownThe country was subjected to the tyrannical regime of the Captains General.
Father Varela was the political and ideological leader of the radical independentistas of the time. Son and grandson of military men, his intellectual formation was influenced in a decisive way by José Agustín Caballero and Bishop Espada, under whose protection he entered public life. From his chairs of Philosophy and later of Constitution -which he called “the chair of freedom, of human rights, of national guarantees”- at the Seminary of San Carlos, the priest trained a generation of young people in the most modern ideas, motivating them in the need to promote their own thinking, capable of responding to Cuban problems.
In 1823, being one of the representatives to the Cortes who voted for the replacement of Ferdinand VII, he was condemned to death and banned from the Spanish dominions. From then on, he settled in the United States for thirty years of forced exile (1823-1853), abandoned the autonomic reformism and joined the independence movement.
The educational tool used by Varela was the pro-independence newspaper El HabaneroThe book was created and edited by him in New York, and was to enter the island clandestinely in order to be read at least by the intellectual elites, particularly the educated and socially restless young people, who were therefore inclined to profess patriotic sentiment.
In this second volume of the Works by Félix Varela II The following are collected: Félix Varela’s speeches at the sessions of the Cortes during the legislative period 1822-1823, the Project for the government of the overseas provinces, his articles in the newspaper The Habaneror as a political, scientific and literary tool, and the Considerations on the current state of the island of Cuba from exile.
This edition also includes other fundamental writings to understand the historical-political context of the time and to know the valuable work of the Cuban thinker Félix Varela.

If in beginning my lessons in this new professorship of Constitution I were to pretend to manifest the dignity of the object, demanding your efforts and endeavors in its study, I would undoubtedly do an offense to the lights, and an injury to patriotism; for, speaking to Spaniards in the nineteenth century, it must be supposed that they not only love their fatherland, their liberty and their rights, but that by an instinct, fruit of the times, they know how to distinguish these goods, and that a political code which represents them with such harmony and fixity will always deserve their consideration and appreciation.
It would be easy for me to lavish just praise on this new establishment due to the patriotism of an enlightened corporation, and the zeal of a Prelate, who is distinguished more than honors, by virtues: and I would call this chair, the chair of liberty, of the rights of man, of national guarantees, of the regeneration of illustrious Spain, the fountain of civic virtues, the foundation of the great edifice of our happiness, that which for the first time has reconciled among us the laws with Philosophy, which is to say, has made them laws; that which contains the fanatic and despot, establishing and preserving the Holy Religion and the wise Government; that which opposes the attacks of foreign nations, presenting the Spanish people not as a tribe of savages with a semblance of civilization, but as it is in itself, generous, magnanimous, just and enlightened.

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