Letters from Pedro de Valdivia

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Typographic rustic ISBN: 9788498165586

SKU: 9788498970241 Category: Tags: , , , ,

The Letters of Pedro de Valdivia give an account of the process of discovery and conquest of the Kingdom of Chile.
This anthology contains epistles written between 1545 and 1552, addressed, among others, to Gonzalo Pizarro and Emperor Charles V. Allusions to the financial sources of the expedition and its political expectations are also interesting.
In 1539, after obtaining from Francisco Pizarro the title of lieutenant governor of Chile, Valdivia began preparations for his expedition. He left Cuzco in mid-January 1540. Thus began his life as an adventurer.
The first letter of Pedro de Valdivia to Emperor Charles V, for example, is one of the six letters of relation that Pedro de Valdivia wrote to the monarch. In it he recounts his trip to Chile and the conquest of that land.
This first letter was dated August 20, 1545, the last winter of the southern hemisphere. It differs from other letters sent by the conquistadors to Charles V. It emphasizes the difficulties of the conquest, called “works”, literally “works” in the letter.
According to some historians, in an act of justice for the mutilations and massacre of the Indians ordered by Valdivia, the Mapuche killed him. For three days he suffered appalling torture. There were even cuts similar to those carried out by Valdivia to teach the Indians in that conflict.
The martyrdom continued with the amputation of his muscles in life, using sharp clam shells, and eating them lightly roasted in front of his eyes. Finally they extracted his heart to devour him among the victorious Mapuche military leaders, while drinking chicha in his skull, which they kept as a trophy.

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