Cuba vs. Spain

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ISBN paperback: 9788490079645

SKU: 9788490076620 Category: Tags: , , , ,

Cuba contra España is a brief manifesto by Enrique José Varona, which appeared in 1895. The text proclaims Cuba’s legitimate right to start an open war against Spain for the independence of the island. It seems to us that it is the author’s own arguments that best explain the content of this argument. Varona is quoted below:

War is a sad necessity. But when a people has exhausted all human means of persuasion to seek from an unjust oppressor the remedy of its ills; if it appeals in the last resort to force in order to repel the permanent aggression, which constitutes tyranny, that people avails itself of the legitimate right of defense, and is justified before its conscience and before the tribunal of nations.
This is the case of Cuba in its wars against Spain. No Metropolis has been harsher, has vexed with more tenacity, has exploited with less foresight and more greed. No colony has been more prudent, more long-suffering, more wise, more persevering in its purpose of demanding its right by appealing to the lessons of experience and political wisdom. Only desperation has put Cuba’s weapons in his hand, and when he has wielded them it has been to display as much heroism in the hour of danger as he had shown good judgment in the hour of counsel.
If the history of Cuba in this century is a long series of rebellions, they have all been preceded by a period of peaceful struggle for the right, which has always been sterile, thanks to the obstinate blindness of Spain.
From the dawn of the century there were patriots in Cuba, such as the presbyter Caballero and Don Francisco Arango, who exposed to the metropolitan government the evils of the Colony, and pointed out their remedy, advocating for the commercial franchises, which its economic organization demands, and the intervention of the natives in its government, founded not only in law, but in political convenience, due to the enormous distance from the central power and the serious embarrassments in which it found itself. The necessities of war with the colonies of the continent, tired of suffering Spanish tyranny, forced the government of the Metropolis to grant a principle of commercial freedom to the Island; a passing trial that brought prosperity to its territory, but was not enough to open the eyes of the Spanish statesmen. On the other hand, the suspicion and suspicion against the Americans, which had been awakened in their hearts, induced them to first diminish and soon suppress the scarce powers of administration that resided in some local corporations in Cuba, such as the Junta de Fomento.

Imprenta América. Publisher Sotero Figueroa, New York, 1895.

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