Constitution of Nicaragua of 1912

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Illustrated paperback ISBN: 9788498973600

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The Constitution of Nicaragua of 1912 establishes that Nicaragua is a free, sovereign and independent nation, whose territory includes the adjacent islands and is situated between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, and the Republics of Honduras and Costa Rica. Sovereignty is inalienable and imprescriptible and resides essentially in the people. The Constitution also provides for the separation of powers and the protection of the fundamental rights and freedoms of citizens.

Political Constitution of the Republic of Nicaragua

Approved November 10, 1911
Published in La Gaceta Oficial on January 17, 1912, No. 13
We, the Representatives of the Nicaraguan people, gathered in a Constituent Assembly,
We decree and sanction the following

Title I. Of the Nation

Article 1: Nicaragua is a free, sovereign and independent nation. Its territory, which also includes the adjacent islands, is situated between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, and the Republics of Honduras and Costa Rica.
Article 2: Sovereignty is one, inalienable and imprescriptible, and resides essentially in the people, from whom derive their powers the officials that the Constitution and the laws establish. Consequently, no pacts or treaties may be concluded that oppose the independence and integrity of the Nation, or that affect in any way its sovereignty, except those that tend to union with one or more of the Republics of Central America.
Article 3: Public officials have no powers other than those expressly given to them by law. Any act they perform outside it is null and void.

Title II. On the Form of Government

Article 4: The Government of Nicaragua is republican, democratic, representative and unitary. It consists of three independent branches: the Legislative, the Executive and the Judicial.

Title III. Of religion

Article 5: The majority of Nicaraguans profess the Catholic, Apostolic and Roman religion. The State guarantees the free exercise of this religion; and also that of all others insofar as they do not oppose Christian morality and public order; It is forbidden to give laws that protect or restrict certain cults.

Title IV. Teaching

Article 6: The teaching of any lawful industry, trade or profession is free. Primary school shall be compulsory and that paid for by the State shall also be free; And as for the professional, the law will determine which professions need a previous degree for their exercise and the formalities to obtain it.

Title V. From Nicaraguans

Article 7: Nicaraguans are natural or naturalized.
Article 8.º The following are natural:
1.º Those born in Nicaragua of Nicaraguan parents or foreigners domiciled.
2.º The children of a Nicaraguan father or mother born abroad, if they opt for Nicaraguan nationality.
Article 9: The following are naturalized:
1.º The Natives of the other Republics of Central America who reside in Nicaragua express their desire to be Nicaraguan before the competent authority.
2º A foreign woman who marries a Nicaraguan.
3.º Hispanic Americans who have one year of residence in the country and other foreigners who have two, provided that they express before the respective authority their desire to naturalize.
4.º Those who obtain a naturalization card in accordance with the law.
Article 10. Loses the quality of Nicaraguan:
1.º Anyone who, without residing in Nicaragua, voluntarily obtains naturalization in a foreign country, other than Central America.
However, he will regain his Nicaraguan status by re-establishing his domicile in Nicaragua, at any time that this occurs.
(2) A Nicaraguan woman who marries a foreigner if, by the law of her husband’s nation, she acquires her husband’s nationality, but she regains the status of Nicaraguan by widowhood, if by that fact she loses her husband’s nationality.
Article 11. The Treaties may amend the provisions of this Title, provided that there is reciprocity.

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