Constitution of Guatemala of 1825

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Illustrated rustic ISBN: 9788499533698 ISBN hardcover: 9788411260190

SKU: 9788498971651 Category: Tags: , , , ,

The Constitution of Guatemala of 1825 (Constitución de Guatemala de 1825) is a historical and legal document of great relevance for understanding the political and constitutional evolution of Guatemala and, in a broader context, of the Federal Republic of Central America. Promulgated on October 11, 1825, this Constitution emerged from a State Assembly convened in La Antigua Guatemala on September 15, 1824. It was conceived to complement the constitution of the Federal Republic of Central America, of which Guatemala was a part at that time.
What stands out in this Magna Carta is the recognition of Guatemala as a sovereign, independent, and free state. This declaration is significant because, although Guatemala was part of a Federation with other countries in the region, it maintained its autonomy and freedom at the state level.
The Constitution of 1825 is also notable for the fundamental rights it guarantees. Among them are freedom of thought, freedom of action, and the right to petition. These rights laid the foundation for the future legal and political structures of Guatemala and played a crucial role in the formation of a more democratic and open society.
Despite its importance, this Constitution must also be viewed in the context of its time, a period full of political experimentation and social changes. Although it set precedents in certain aspects, it was also a product of the limitations and challenges of its era.
The Constitution of Guatemala of 1825 is an essential document for understanding the political and social landscape of Guatemala in its quest for autonomy and civil rights. It is not only a document that establishes the legal and political structure of the State of Guatemala, but also reflects the aspirations and challenges of a young nation that was defining its identity in a complex and changing environment. It is a must-read for anyone interested in the political and legal history of Guatemala and the Central American region.

First Constitution of 1825
(October 11, 1825)
The representatives of the people of Guatemala gathered in Assembly, fully and legally authorized by our commissioners, and by the pact of the Central American Confederation, to give the fundamental law that must govern the State, ensure its rights, and strengthen those of man and citizen, decree and sanction the following:

Title I. Of the State, its rights, particular guarantees, and of the territory

Section One. The State and its rights
Article 1. The State shall retain the name of State of Guatemala.
Article 2. The State is formed by the peoples of Guatemala united in a single body.
Article 3. The State of Guatemala is sovereign, independent and free in its internal government and administration.
Article 4. These rights are limited by the pact of union that the free states of Central America celebrated in the federative Constitution of November 22, 1824; but the State of Guatemala has all the power that is not conferred by the same Constitution on the federal authorities.
Article 5. No individual, no partial gathering of citizens, no fraction of the people can claim sovereignty, which resides in the universality of the citizens of the State.
Article 6. The officials invested with legislative, executive and judicial authority are dependent on the State and responsible to it under the terms prescribed by the Constitution.
Article 7. No authority of the State is superior to the law; By it the authorities order, judge and govern, and by it the officials are owed respect and obedience.
Article 8. By delegating the exercise of legislative, executive and judicial powers, the State retains the power to constitutionally appoint its officials.
Article 9. No public office is venal or hereditary.
Article 10. The State does not recognize decorations or hereditary distinctions; It also does not support linking.

(…)

Given in Guatemala City on the eleventh day of October, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-five. 5th 3rd

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